August 2019 • Août 2019

Can J Surg 2019;62(4)

Editorial • Éditorial

Surgeons as advocates for opioid control
C.G. Ball

Les chirurgiens pour le contrôle des opioïdes
C.G. Ball

Commentary • Commentaire

Determining the appropriateness of requests for outpatient magnetic resonance imaging of the hip
A. Manta, J. O’Grady, R. Bleakney, J. Theodoropoulos

Research • Recherche

Teaching simulated arthroscopic Bankart repair: residents’ assessment at the Annual Shoulder Course
D.M. Rouleau, R. Bedard, F. Canet, Y. Petit, Canadian Shoulder and Elbow Society

The impact of surgical modality on self-reported body image, quality of life and survivorship after anterior resection for colorectal cancer – a mixed methods study
D.H. Hirpara, A. Azin, V. Mulcahy, E. Le Souder, C. O’Brien, S.A. Chadi, F.A. Quereshy

Crash testing the dummy: a review of in situ trauma simulation at a Canadian tertiary centre
S. Minor, R. Green, S. Jessula

Long-term outcomes of total hip arthroplasty in patients younger than 55 years: a systematic review of the contemporary literature
X.Y. Mei, Y.J. Gong, O. Safir, A. Gross, P. Kuzyk

Effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on pharmacologic dependence in obese patients with type 2 diabetes
A.J. Sharples, M. Mullan, K. Hardy, A. Vergis

Surgeon identification of pain catastrophizing versus the Pain Catastrophizing Scale in orthopedic patients after routine surgical consultation
M.T. Sabo, M. Roy

Morbidity and mortality following pelvic ramus fractures in an older Atlantic Canadian cohort
C.B. Hamilton, J.D. Harnett, N.C. Stone, A.J. Furey

The impact of a new hepatopancreatobiliary surgery program on the management of pancreatic cancer at Health Sciences North
L. Hartford, V. Doucet, J. Ramkumar, K. Leslie, J. Shum, K. Asai

Review • Revue

Impact of acute care surgery on timeliness of care and patient outcomes: a systematic review of the literature
A. Vergis, J. Metcalfe, S.E. Stogryn, K. Clouston, K. Hardy

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurgie

Burnout, resilience and moral injury: How the wicked problems of health care defy solutions, yet require innovative strategies in the modern era
D. Rozario

June 2019 • Juin 2019

Can J Surg 2019;62(3)

Editorial • Éditorial

mHealth and the change it represents
E.J. Harvey

La médecine mobile et les changements qu’elle représente
E.J. Harvey

Research • Recherche

Development of a cumulative teaching score for tracking surgeon performance in undergraduate medical education
C.C. Moon, S. Raju, G. Christakis

Effect of the Trauma Evaluation and Management module on the knowledge of senior medical students: a prospective cohort study
Y. Almarhabi, A. Subki, M. Alsallum, M. Albeshri, A.M. Mukhtar

Complex abdominal wall hernias as a barrier to quality of life in cancer survivors
R. Nenshi, C. Bensimon, T. Wood, F. Wright, A.J. Smith, F. Brenneman
[Appendix 1] [Appendix 2]

Variability among Canadian pediatric surgeons and pediatric urologists in the management of cryptorchidism in boys before the publication of major guidelines: a retrospective review of a single tertiary centre
J.K. Kim, M.E. Chua, J.M. Ming, M.J. Lee, A. Kesavan, N. Kahn, J.C. Langer, A. Lorenzo, D. Bagli, W.A. Farhat, F. Papanikolaou, M.A. Koyle

Evaluation of the effectiveness of an enhanced recovery after surgery program using data from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program
L.M. Gresham, M. Sadiq, G. Gresham, M. McGrath, K. Lacelle, M. Szeto, J. Trickett, D. Schramm, E. Pearsall, M. McKenzie, R. McLeod, R.C. Auer

Short stay total joint arthroplasty program: patient factors predicting readmission
S. Lalonde, G.C.A. Wood

The impact of delayed source control and antimicrobial therapy in 196 patients with cholecystitis-associated septic shock: a cohort analysis
C.J. Karvellas, V. Dong, J.G. Abraldes, E.L.W. Lester, A. Kumar

Review • Revue

Surgical outcomes of chronic isolated scapholunate interosseous ligament injuries: a systematic review of 805 wrists
S.J. Montgomery, N.J. Rollick, J.F. Kubik, A.R. Meldrum, N.J. White

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurgie

Decisional conflict in surgical patients: Should surgeons care?
M. Roy, C.B. Novak, D.R. Urbach, S.J. McCabe, H.P. von Schroeder, K. Okrainec

CMA award • Prix de l’AMC

Transplant surgeon dedicates last decade of career to the Canadian military

Un chirurgien spécialiste de la transplantation consacre la dernière décennie de sa carrière à l’armée canadienne

Online letters • Lettres en ligne

The road to gender equity in surgery is long
E. Tannenbaum, M. Farrugia

Author response
A. Acai, S.E. Reid, R.R. Sonnadara

April 2019 • Avril 2019

Can J Surg 2019;62(2)

Editorial • Éditorial

Are morbidity and mortality conferences becoming a lost art?
C.G. Ball

Les revues de morbidité et mortalité sont-elles un art qui se perd?
C.G. Ball

Research • Recherche

Use of the Corail stem for revision total hip arthroplasty: evaluation of clinical outcomes and cost 
T.J. Wood, M. Alzahrani, J.D. Marsh, L.E. Somerville, E.M. Vasarhelyi, B.A. Lanting

Relation between socioeconomic variables and surgical, systemic and radiation treatment in a cohort of patients with breast cancer in an urban Canadian centre
J. Li, S.D. Cornacchi, F. Farrokhyar, N. Johnston, S. Forbes, S. Reid, N. Hodgson, S. Lovrics, K. Lucibello, P. Lovrics

Predictors of dysplastic and neoplastic progression of Barrett’s esophagus
S. Alnasser, R. Agnihotram, M. Martel, S. Mayrand, E. Franco, L. Ferri

High-risk medications in older patients with trauma: a cross-sectional study of risk mitigation
E. Lester, M. Dykstra, C. Grant, V. Fawcett, B. Tsang, S. Widder

Prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in male patients with surgically treated maxillary and zygomatic fractures
S. Lupi-Ferandin, T. Galic, N. Ivkovic, R. Pecotic, Z. Dogas

Surgical site infection following abdominal surgery: a prospective cohort study 
A. Alkaaki, O.O. Al-Radi, A. Khoja, A. Alnawawi, A. Alnawawi, A. Maghrabi, A. Altaf, M. Aljiffry

Does oxidized zirconium make a difference? Midterm cohort survivorship of symmetric posterior condyle posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty 
A.R. Demcoe, E.R. Bohm, D.R. Hedden, C.D. Burnell, T.R. Turgeon

Effect of predicted travel time to trauma care on mortality in major trauma patients in Nova Scotia
G. Tansley, N. Schuurman, M. Bowes, M. Erdogan, R. Green, M. Asbridge, N. Yanchar

Review • Revue

Limberg flap versus Karydakis flap for treating pilonidal sinus disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
P. Gavriilidis, E. Bota

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurgie

Laparoscopic colectomy: trends in implementation in Canada and globally
M. Hoogerboord, J. Ellsmere, A. Caycedo-Marulanda, C. Brown, S. Jayaraman, D. Urbach, S. Cleary

Deployment of second-generation resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta for unresponsive hypotension in a polytrauma patient
T. Paradis, O. Bekdache, D. Bracco, J. Grushka, T. Razek, D. Lasry, A. Beckett

February 2019 • Février 2019

Can J Surg 2019;62(1)

Editorial • Éditorial

Burnout should not be a silent epidemic
E.J. Harvey

Ne pas passer sous silence l’épidémie de burn-out
E.J. Harvey

Commentary • Commentaire

Reinventing the wheel in scoliosis surgery: effective strategies for safely improving efficiency
J. Bourget-Murray, F. Ferri-de-Barros

Research • Recherche

Concordance between laboratories in metal ion testing in patients with metal-on-metal hip implants
R. Saini, P. Railton, J. Boyd, H. Sadrzadeh, J.N. Powell

Results of Octaplex for reversal of warfarin anticoagulation in patients with hip fracture
R. Ng, M.-T. Shabani-Rad

Significant cost savings and similar patient outcomes associated with early discharge following total knee arthroplasty
J. Marsh, L. Somerville, J.L. Howard, B.A. Lanting

Impact of sequential implementation of multimodal perioperative care pathways on colorectal surgical outcomes
K. D’Souza, J.-I. Choi, J. Wootton, T. Wallace

Incidence and predictors of postoperative delirium in the older acute care surgery population: a prospective study
B. Saravana-Bawan, L.M. Warkentin, D. Rucker, F. Carr, T.A. Churchill, R.G. Khadaroo

Quantifying recall bias in surgical safety: a need for a modern approach to morbidity and mortality reviews
H. Alsubaie, M. Goldenberg, T. Grantcharov

Can we reduce ischemic cholangiopathy rates in donation after cardiac death liver transplantation after 10 years of practice? Canadian single-centre experience
M.E. Tun-Abraham, K.N. Wanis, C. Garcia-Ochoa, N. Sela, H. Sharma, I. Al Hasan, D. Quan, B. Al-Judaibi, M. Levstik, R. Hernandez-Alejandro

Clinical outcomes of single-incision robotic cholecystectomy versus conventional 3-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy
S.R. Lee, H.O. Kim, J.H. Shin

Review • Revue

Understanding the patellofemoral joint in total knee arthroplasty
J. Matz, B.A. Lanting, J.L. Howard

Utility of the Vascular Quality Initiative in improving quality of care in Canadian patients undergoing vascular surgery
E. Liao, N. Eisenberg, A. Kaushal, J. Montbriand, K.-T. Tan, G. Roche-Nagle

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurgie

Can we improve the efficiency of care in patients with colorectal cancer from the time of their initial referral for colonoscopy to surgical resection?
N. Kloos, D. Keren, S. Gregg, A.R. Maclean, E. Dixon, R. Mohamed, R. Rochon, C.G. Ball

How well do we do what we do, and how do we know it? The importance of patient-reported experience measures in assessing our patients’ experience of care
D. Rozario

Evaluation of common suturing techniques to secure implantable cardiac electronic device leads: Which strategy best reduces the lead dislodgement risk?
S. Rezazadeh, S. Wang, J. Rizkallah

The importance of costing perspective: an example evaluating the cost-effectiveness of a locking versus nonlocking plate in medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy
C.A. Primeau, J.D. Marsh, T.B. Birmingham, J.R. Giffin

Expanding the trauma code to other causes of hemorrhagic shock — ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms
C. Chehroudi, J. Patapas, J. Lampron, P. Jetty

Phyllodes tumour of the breast and margins: How much is enough?
S. Ogunbiyi, A. Perry, K. Jakate, J. Simpson, R. George

Reviewers 2018 • Examinateurs 2018

Reviewers 2018 / Examinateurs 2018

Letters • Lettres

Breast reconstruction: no need to “break new ground”
D. Ross

Author response
L. Peiris

December 2018 • Décembre 2018

Can J Surg 2018;61(6)

Editorial • Éditorial

Tyranny of the pain score question after surgery
V.C. McAlister

La tyrannie de la question sur le score de douleur postopératoire
V.C. McAlister

History of surgery: First World War
Histoire de la chirurgie : Première Guerre Mondiale

After the war is over: the role of General Sir Arthur Currie in the development of academic medicine in Canada
A.M.J. Hyatt, A. Beckett, V.C. McAlister

Research • Recherche

Optimizing outpatient total hip arthroplasty: perspectives of key stakeholders
L. Churchill, M. Pollock, Y. Lebedeva, N. Pasic, D. Bryant, J. Howard, B. Lanting, D. Laliberte Rudman
[Appendix 1] [Appendix 2]

Surgical treatment choices for breast cancer in Newfoundland and Labrador: a retrospective cohort study
F. McCrate, E. Dicks, E. Powell, J. Chafe, R. Roome, C. Simmonds, H. Etchegary

Comparison of knot-tying proficiency and knot characteristics for square and reversing half hitch alternating-post surgical knots in a simulated deep body cavity among novice medical students
V. Wu, C. Yeung, E.A. Sykes, B. Zevin

Cost of open and laparoscopic distal gastrectomy: surgeon perceptions versus the reality of hospital spending
L. Abraham, N. Goyert, D.J. Kagedan, A. MacNeill, M.C. Cleghorn, J. Hallet, F.A. Quereshy, N.G. Coburn

“Hockey wrist”: dorsal ulnotriquetral ligament injury
E. Sandman, M. Boily, P.A. Martineau

Effect of rater training on the reliability of technical skill assessments: a randomized controlled trial
R.L. Robertson, A. Vergis, L.M. Gillman, J. Park

High complication rate among patients undergoing appendectomy in Ontario: a population-based retrospective cohort study
S.V. Patel, S. Nanji, S.B. Brogly, K. Lajkosz, P.A. Groome, S. Merchant

The state of transcatheter aortic valve implantation training in Canadian cardiac surgery residency programs
D.Y. Tam, A. Makhdoum, M. Ouzounian, H.C. Wijeysundera, G.N. Cohen, S.E. Fremes

Understanding the surgical care needs and use of outpatient surgical care services among homeless patients at the Ottawa Hospital
L. Zuccaro, C. Champion, S. Bennett, Y. Ying

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurghie

Surgical management of benign phyllodes tumours of the breast: Is wide local excision really necessary?
Y. Qian, M.L. Quan, T. Ogilvi, A. Bouchard-Fortier


Reflections on recovery, rehabilitation and reintegration of injured service members and veterans from a bio-psychosocial-spiritual perspective

Supplement – Mobile Trauma Care Close to the Point of Injury: Canadian Armed Forces Health Services

Can J Surg 2018;61(6) Supplement

Foreword • Préface

A.M.T. Downes

A.M.T. Downes

Editorial • Éditorial

Introduction: combat damage-control resuscitation/surgery and beyond
R.L. Kao

Commentary * Commentaire

Proposed specifications of a mobile operating room for far-forward surgery
J. Leasiolagi, T. Holton, K. Doyle, L. Parkinson, R.L. Kao, V.C. McAlister

Care of victims of suicide bombing
R.L. Kao, V.C. McAlister

Research • Recherche

A novel REBOA system: prototype and proof of concept
S.A. Smith, V.C. McAlister

Utilization profile of the Canadian-led coalition Role 2 Medical Treatment Facility in Iraq: the growing requirement for multinational interoperability
M.P. DaCambra, R.L. Kao, C. Berger, V.C. McAlister

Impact of traumatic upper-extremity amputation on the outcome of injury caused by an antipersonnel improvised explosive device
S.A. Smith, M.P. DaCambra, V.C. McAlister

The effect of aerosolized indomethacin on lung inflammation and injury in a rat model of blunt chest trauma
R.L. Kao, W. Huang, C.M. Martin, T. Rui

Review • Revue

Reflections on recovery, rehabilitation and reintegration of injured service members and veterans from a bio-psychosocial-spiritual perspective
M. Besemann, J. Hebert, J.M. Thompson, R.A. Cooper, G. Gupta, S. Brémault-Phillips, S.J. Dentry

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurgie

Novel use of FaceTime video calling in a deployed setting to assist with the care of a military working dog
B. Donham, M.L. Wickett

October 2018 • Octobre 2018

Can J Surg 2018;61(5)

Editorial • Éditorial

Access to surgery is not an election priority
E.J. Harvey

L’accès à la chirurgie n’est pas une priorité électorale
E.J. Harvey

Commentary * Commentaire

Oncoplastic and reconstructive breast surgery in Canada: breaking new ground in general surgical training
L. Peiris, D. Olson, K. Dabbs

Indigenous health disparities: a challenge and an opportunity
A. Lafontaine

History of surgery: First World War
Histoire de la chirurgie : Première Guerre Mondiale

Message in a bottle: the discovery of a young medical officer’s map from the 1917 Battle of Hill 70
M. Kryshtalskyj, J. Vance, C. McAlister

Review • Revue

Peripheral artery disease among Indigenous Canadians: What do we know?
C. Bonneau, N.R. Caron, M.A. Hussain, A. Kayssi, S. Verma, M. Al-Omran

Can pain catastrophizing be changed in surgical patients? A scoping review
E. Gibson, M.T. Sabo

Research • Recherche

Retirement plans and perspectives among general surgeons: a qualitative assessment
L. Gotlib Conn, F.C. Wright

Development of a simple multidisciplinary arthroplasty wound-assessment instrument: the SMArt Wound Tool
S. Singh Kooner, B. Sheehan, J.K. Kendal, H. Johal

Role of the status of the mesorectal fascia in the selection of patients with rectal cancer for preoperative radiation therapy: a retrospective cohort study
M. Simunovic, V. Grubac, K. Zbuk, R. Wong, A. Coates

e-Consent: approaching surgical consent with mobile technology
A. Bethune, M. Davila-Foyo, M. Valli, L. da Costa

Physical fitness of medical residents: Is the health of surgical residents at risk?
D.L. Perrin, D.M. Cordingley, J.R. Leiter, P.B. MacDonald

Outcomes of hip and knee total joint arthroplasty in a Canadian inmate population over a 10-year period
G. Wood, S. Lalonde, K. Walsh, K. Harper

Acute kidney injury following resection of hepatocellular carcinoma: prognostic value of the acute kidney injury network criteria
A.K. Bressan, M.T. James, E. Dixon, O.F. Bathe, F.R. Sutherland, C.G. Ball

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurgie

Prevalence of risky driving behaviours on popular television series
A. Tien, P. Chu, L. Tremblay

Multidisciplinary in-situ simulation to evaluate a rare but high-risk process at a level 1 trauma centre: the “Mega-Sim” approach
N.L. Bradley, K. Innes, C. Dakin, A. Sawka, N. Lakha, S.M. Hameed

Letters • Lettres

Response to: Propofol administration by endoscopists versus anesthesiologists in gastrointestinal endoscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of patient safety outcomes
R. Byrick, D. Pitt

Author response
J.F. Daza, C.M. Tan, I. Yang

Supplement: The Canadian Armed Forces Supplement on Military Medicine: Caring for the Wounded in the Future

Foreword • Avant-propos

Col H. Tien

Col H. Tien

Introductions • Introduction

BGen J.-R. Bernier

BGén J.-R. Bernier

Commentary • Commentaire

In memoriam — Erin Savage, MD, CCFP(EM) Lieutenant Colonel, Royal Canadian Medical Service
LCol C. Forestier

The need for a robust 24/7 subspecialty “clearing house” response for telementored trauma care
Maj A.W. Kirkpatrick, D. Hamilton, Maj A. Beckett, A. LaPorta, S. Brien, Col E. Glassberg, C.G. Ball, D.J. Roberts, Col H. Tien

Technical innovations that may facilitate real-time telementoring of damage control surgery in austere environments: a proof of concept comparative evaluation of the importance of surgical experience, telepresence, gravity and mentoring in the conduct of damage control laparotomies
Maj A.W. Kirkpatrick, A. LaPorta, S. Brien, T. Leslie, Col E. Glassberg, J. McKee, C.G. Ball, H.E. Wright Beatty, J. Keillor, D.J. Roberts, Col H. Tien

Review • Revue

Advances in damage control resuscitation and surgery: implications on the organization of future military field forces
Col H. Tien, Maj A. Beckett, LCol N. Garraway, LCol M. Talbot, Capt D. Pannell, T. Alabbasi

Research • Recherche

Medical mentorship in Afghanistan: How are military mentors perceived by Afghan health care providers?
Maj A. Beckett, R. Fowler, N.K.J. Adhikari, L. Hawryluck, T. Razek, Col H. Tien

Cervical spine injury in dismounted improvised explosive device trauma
J. Taddeo, Maj M. Devine, LCol V.C. McAlister

Blunt splenic injury and severe brain injury: a decision analysis and implications for care
T. Alabbasi, A.B. Nathens, Col H. Tien

Needle thoracostomy for tension pneumothorax: the Israeli Defense Forces experience
LTC J. Chen, Capt R. Nadler, Maj D. Schwartz, Col H. Tien, LTC A.P. Cap, Col E.Glassberg

Current use of live tissue training in trauma: a descriptive systematic review
L.T. da Luz, B. Nascimento, Col H. Tien, M.J. Kim, A.B. Nathens, S. Vlachos,
Col E. Glassberg

Acute nontraumatic general surgical conditions on a combat deployment
Capt D. Pannell, A.B. Nathens, Col J. Ricard, LCol E. Savage, Col H. Tien

Factors affecting mortality of pediatric trauma patients encountered in Kandahar, Afghanistan
Capt D. Pannell, J. Poynter, P.W. Wales, Col H. Tien, A.B. Nathens, D. Shellington

The Canadian Armed Forces medical response to Typhoon Haiyan
LCol E. Savage, Maj M.D. Christian, Maj S. Smith, Capt D. Pannell

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurgie

Fresh whole blood transfusion capability for Special Operations Forces
Maj A. Beckett, J. Callum, L.T. da Luz, J. Schmid, C. Funk, Col E. Glassberg, Col H. Tien

August 2018 • Août 2018

Can J Surg 2018;61(4)

Editorial • Éditorial

Provincially administered universal pharmacare programs require a secure, affordable drug supply: A matter of national security?
V.C. McAlister

Les régimes universels d’assurance médicaments provinciaux doivent pouvoir s’appuyer sur un approvisionnement sûr et abordable : Question de sécurité nationale?
V.C. McAlister

History of surgery: First World War
Histoire de la chirurgie : Première Guerre Mondiale

Organization of the German Army Medical Service 1914–1918 and the role of academic surgeons
C. Zischek, E. Grunwald, M. Engelhardt

Research • Recherche

Propofol administration by endoscopists versus anesthesiologists in gastrointestinal endoscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of patient safety outcomes
J.F. Daza, C.M. Tan, R.J. Fielding, A. Brown, F. Farrokhyar, I. Yang

A day in the life of emergency general surgery in Canada: a multicentre observational study
K. DeGirolamo, K. D’Souza, S. Apte, C.G. Ball, C. Armstrong, A. Reso, S. Widder, S. Mueller, L.M. Gillman, R. Singh, R. Nenshi, K. Khwaja, S. Minor, C. de Gara, S.M. Hameed

Practice and attitudes regarding double gloving among staff surgeons and surgical trainees
M.E. Lipson, R. Deardon, N.J. Switzer, C. de Gara, C.G. Ball, S.C. Grondin

Assessing resectability of colorectal liver metastases: How do different subspecialties interpret the same data?
J.-M. Aubin, A.K. Bressan, S.C. Grondin, E. Dixon, A.R. MacLean, S. Gregg, P. Tang, G.G. Kaplan, G. Martel, C.G. Ball

Thirty-day hospital readmission and emergency department visits after vascular surgery: a Canadian prospective cohort study
M.H. Syed, M.A. Hussain, Z. Khoshhal, K. Salata, B. Altuwaijri, B. Hughes, N. Alsaif, C. de Mestral, S. Verma, M. Al-Omran

Beyond just the operating room: characterizing the complete caseload of a tertiary acute care surgery service
T.J. van Zyl, P.B. Murphy, L. Allen, N.G. Parry, K. Leslie, K.N. Vogt

Outcomes after completion total gastrectomy for gastric remnant cancer: experience from a Canadian tertiary centre
E. St-Louis, S.D. Gowing, P. Mossallanejad, M.L. Leimanis, C. Mueller, L.E. Ferri

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurgie

A method to repair the recurrent laryngeal nerve during thyroidectomy
A. Gurrado, A. Pasculli, A. Pezzolla, G. Di Meo, M.L. Fiorella, R. Cortese, N. Avenia, M. Testini

Validation of the Sainte-Justine Head Trauma Pathway for children younger than two years of age
S. Spénard, S. Gouin, M. Beaudin, J. Gravel

Optimization of communication in the surgical program via instant messaging, Web-based surveys, newsletters, websites, smartphones and telemedicine: the experience of Oakville Trafalgar Memorial Hospital
D. Rozario

Reducing catheter-associated urinary tract infections using a multimodal approach — the NSQIP experience of Oakville Trafalgar Memorial Hospital
D. Rozario

Letters • Lettres

Percutaneous cholecystostomy for acute cholecystitis: not so safe after all
S. Cowie

Author response
F. Christian

June 2018 • Juin 2018

Can J Surg 2018;61(3)

Editorial • Éditorial

Patient outcomes versus financial outcomes: Which should we listen to?
E.J. Harvey

Résultats chez les patients ou résultats financiers : Que faut-il prioriser?
E.J. Harvey

Commentary • Commentaire

One thousand consecutive in-hospital deaths following severe injury: Has the etiology of traumatic inpatient death changed in Canada?
D.J. Roberts, C. Harzan, A.W. Kirkpatrick, E. Dixon, S.C. Grondin, P.B. McBeth, G.G. Kaplan, C.G. Ball

The current state of resident trauma training: Are we losing a generation?
P.T. Engels, N.L. Bradley, C.G. Ball

History of surgery: First World War
Histoire de la chirurgie : Première Guerre Mondiale

Massacre of Canadian Army Medical Corps personnel after the sinking of HMHS Llandovery Castle and the evolution of modern war crime jurisprudence
J. Doucet, G. Haley, V. McAlister

Research • Recherche

Management of intra-abdominal vascular injury in trauma laparotomy: a South African experience
R. Weale, V. Kong, V. Manchev, W. Bekker, G. Oosthuizen, P. Brysiewicz, G. Laing, J. Bruce, D. Clarke

Risk factors for infection, revision, death, blood transfusion and longer hospital stay 3 months and 1 year after primary total hip or knee arthroplasty
C. Rhee, L. Lethbridge, G. Richardson, M. Dunbar

Tranexamic acid administration to older patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty conserves hemoglobin and reduces blood loss
H. El Beheiry, A. Lubberdink, N. Clements, K. Dihllon, V. Sharma

Troponin T monitoring to detect myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery: a cost–consequence analysis
G. Lurati Buse, B. Manns, A. Lamy, G. Guyatt, C.A. Polanczyk, M.T.V. Chan, C.Y. Wang, J.C. Villar, A. Sigamani, D.I. Sessler, O. Berwanger, B.M. Biccard, R. Pearse, G. Urrútia, W. Szczeklik, I.  Garutti, S. Srinathan, G. Malaga, V. Abraham, C.K. Chow, M.J. Jacka, M. Tiboni, G. Ackland, D. Macneil, R. Sapsford, M. Leuwer, Y. Le Manach, P.J. Devereaux

Clinical and operative outcomes of patients with acute cholecystitis who are treated initially with image-guided cholecystostomy
I. Molavi, A. Schellenberg, F. Christian

Review • Revue

Diagnostic accuracy of transabdominal ultrasonography for gallbladder polyps: systematic review
E. Martin, R. Gill, E. Debru

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurgie

Users’ guide to the surgical literature: how to assess a qualitative study
L. Gallo, J. Murphy, L.H. Braga, F. Farrokhyar, A. Thoma

April 2018 • Avril 2018

Can J Surg 2018;61(2)

Editorial • Éditorial

Article importance: Processes to evaluate the success of published articles are subjective
V. McAlister

Degré d’importance des articles : Les processus d’évaluation des articles publiés sont subjectifs
V. McAlister

Commentary • Commentaire

Physician extenders on surgical services: the need for a systems perspective
H. Smith, C. Kuziemsky, C. Champion

Idle hands? What we know about surgeon unemployment in Canada
M. Strickland, I. Datta

History of surgery: First World War
Histoire de la chirurgie : Première Guerre Mondiale

The Canadian Army Medical Corps affair of 1916 and Surgeon General Guy Carleton Jones
J.-R. Bernier, V.C. McAlister

Research • Recherche

Associations between provider and hospital volumes and postoperative mortality following total hip arthroplasty in New Brunswick: results from a provincial-level cohort study
D.L. Crouse, P.S.J. Leonard, J. Boudreau, J.T. McDonald

Surgical intervention in pediatric trauma at a level 1 trauma hospital: a retrospective cohort study and report of cost data
R.V. Anantha, P. Zamiara, N.H. Merritt

Regional differences in aortic valve replacements: Atlantic Canadian experience
C. McGuire, A.M. Yip, J.B. MacLeod, V. Paddock, S. Lutchmedial, N. Nadeem, G. Hirsch, C. Adams, K. Melvin, S. Connors, A. Hassan, J.-F. Légaré

Intraoperative cell salvage with autologous transfusion in elective right or repeat hepatectomy: a propensity-score–matched case–control analysis
T. Zacharias, E. Ahlschwede, N. Dufour, F. Romain, O. Theissen-Laval

Training surgical residents to use a framework to promote shared decision-making for patients with poor prognosis experiencing surgical emergencies
T. Chesney, K. Devon

Airway management changes associated with rising radiologic incidence of external laryngotracheal injury
D.R. Randall, L. Rudmik, C.G. Ball, J.D. Bosch

Review • Revue

Is radiofrequency ablation of varicose veins a valuable option? A systematic review of the literature with a cost analysis
T.G. Poder, J.-F. Fisette, S.K. Bédard, M.-A. Despatis

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurgie

Kidney paired donation and the unique challenges of kidney shipment in Canada
T. McGregor, A. Sener, S. Paraskevas, B. Reikie

Patient-perceived barriers to radiation therapy for breast cancer
K. Guidolin, M. Lock, M. Brackstone

Letters • Lettres

Reduction of pancreatic anastomotic leakage after pancreaticoduodenectomy
P. Niloff

February 2018 • Février 2018

Can J Surg 2018;61(1)

Editorial • Éditorial

The death of expertise (in medicine)
E.J. Harvey

La disparition de l’expertise (en médecine)
E.J. Harvey

Commentary • Commentaire

A solution to gender inequity in surgery? Better caregiving policies
A. Acai, C. Steyn, S.E. Reid, R.R. Sonnadara

History of surgery: First World War
Histoire de la chirurgie : Première Guerre Mondiale

No. 3 Canadian General Hospital (McGill) in the Great War: service and sacrifice
A. Beckett, E.J. Harvey

Research • Recherche

Process mapping as a framework for performance improvement in emergency general surgery
K. DeGirolamo, K. D’Souza, W. Hall, E. Joos, N. Garraway, C.K. Sing, P. McLaughlin, M. Hameed

Analysis of postdischarge costs following emergent general surgery in elderly patients
G.J. Eamer, F. Clement, J.L. Pederson, T.A. Churchill, R.G. Khadaroo

Effect of patient decision aid was influenced by presurgical evaluation among patients with osteoarthritis of the knee
L. Boland, M. Taljaard, G. Dervin, L. Trenaman, P. Tugwell, M.-P. Pomey, D. Stacey

Tertiary care centre adherence to unified guidelines for management of periprosthetic joint infections: a gap analysis
M.D. Armstrong, A.V. Carli, H. Abdelbary, S. Poitras, P. Lapner, P.E. Beaulé

Physical performance following acute high-risk abdominal surgery: a prospective cohort study
L.R. Jønsson, L.H. Ingelsrud, L.T. Tengberg, T. Bandholm, N.B. Foss, M.T. Kristensen

Comparing the anterior, posterior and lateral approach: gait analysis in total hip arthroplasty
S. Petis, J. Howard, B. Lanting, I. Jones, T. Birmingham, E. Vasarhelyi

Review • Revue

A systematic review of the factors affecting choice of surgery as a career
J.K. Peel, C.M. Schlachta, N.A. Alkhamesi

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurgie

Can surgical site infections be reduced with the adoption of a bundle of simultaneous initiatives? The use of NSQIP incidence data to follow multiple quality improvement interventions
D. Rozario

Online letters • Lettres en ligne

Intraoperative ultrasonic cholangiography for biliary system identification
T. Urade, T. Fukumoto

Author response
A. Chandra

Correction of place of practice: Brampton, not Brantford
D. Prior

Author response
V. McAlister

December 2017 • Décembre 2017

Can J Surg 2017;60(6)

Editorial • Éditorial

Dr. Louis Kristal at 100: witness to the evolution of surgery in Canada
V. McAlister

Le Dr Louis Kristal à 100 ans : témoin de l’évolution de la chirurgie au Canada
V. McAlister

Commentary • Commentaire

Is current preoperative frailty assessment adequate?
G. Eamer, J.A. Gibson, C. Gillis, A.T. Hsu, M. Krawczyk, E. MacDonald, R. Whitlock, R.G. Khadaroo

Training Canadian surgeons in oncoplastic breast surgery: Where do we stand?
E. Khayat, M. Brackstone, J. Maxwell, R. Hanrahan, J. Richardson, M. Kapala, A. Arnaout

History of surgery: First World War
Histoire de la chirurgie : Première Guerre Mondiale

The 1917 Halifax Explosion: the first coordinated local civilian medical response to disaster in Canada
C.N. McAlister, A.E. Marble, T.J. Murray

Research • Recherche

Experience with the SynCardia total artificial heart in a Canadian centre
A. Nguyen, M. Pellerin, L.P. Perrault, M. White, A. Ducharme, N. Racine, M. Carrier

Canadian benchmarks for acute injury care
L. Moore, D. Evans, N.L. Yanchar, J. Thakore, H.T. Stelfox, M. Hameed, R. Simons, J. Kortbeek, J. Clément, F. Lauzier, A.F. Turgeon
[Appendix 1 | Appendix 2 | Appendix 3 | Appendix 4 | Appendix 5]

Antibiotic use among older adults on an acute care general surgery service
A.S. Pollmann, J.G. Bailey, P.J.B. Davis, P.M. Johnson

Tattooing or not? A review of current practice and outcomes for laparoscopic colonic resection following endoscopy at a tertiary care centre
F. Letarte, M. Webb, M. Raval, A. Karimuddin, C.J. Brown, P.T. Phang

Comparison of retroperitoneal liposarcoma extending into the inguinal canal and inguinoscrotal liposarcoma
J. Rhu, C.W. Cho, K.W. Lee, H. Park, J.B. Park, Y.–L. Choi, S.J. Kim

Optimizing associated liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy outcomes: Surgical experience or appropriate patient selection?
I. Al Hasan, M.E. Tun-Abraham, K.N. Wanis, C. Garcia-Ochoa, M.A. Levstik, B. Al-Judaibi, R. Hernandez-Alejandro

Transanal minimally invasive surgery for benign large rectal polyps and early malignant rectal cancers: experience and outcomes from the first Canadian centre to adopt the technique
A. Caycedo-Marulanda, H.Y. Jiang, E.L. Kohtakangas

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurghie

The importance of cognitive map placement in bile duct injuries
F. Sutherland, E. Dixon

Users’ guide to the surgical literature: how to assess a noninferiority trial
A. Thoma, F. Farrokhyar, D. Waltho, L.H. Braga, S. Sprague, C.H. Goldsmith

Online letters • Lettres en ligne

Response to: Attitudes and factors contributing to attrition in Canadian surgical specialty residency programs
J.B. Lichtenstein

Author response
S.T. Adams, D.N. Ginther, E.D. Neuls, P. Hayes

Evaluation of the influence of student-led surgery interest groups: a pan-Canadian survey
J.S.A. Song, C. McGuire, M. Morzyci, M. Vaculik, M. Plourde

October 2017 • Octobre 2017

Can J Surg 2017;60(5)

Editorial • Éditorial

Doctors caught in Feds’ crosshairs — again
E.J. Harvey

Les médecins dans la mire du fédéral — encore une fois
E.J. Harvey

Commentary • Commentaire

Continuing a long tradition: the Canadian Journal of Surgery at 60
V.C. McAlister, E.J. Harvey

History of surgery: First World War
Histoire de la chirurgie : Première Guerre Mondiale

Calgary, Edmonton and the University of Alberta: the extraordinary medical mobilization by Canada’s newest province
M.P. Da Cambra, V.C. McAlister

Review • Revue

Role for laparoscopy in the management of bile duct injuries
V. Gupta, S. Jayaraman

Research • Recherche

Changes in patient characteristics following cardiac transplantation: the Montreal Heart Institute experience
N. Vistarini, A. Nguyen, M. White, N. Racine, L.P. Perrault, A. Ducharme, D. Bouchard, P. Demers, M. Pellerin, Y. Lamarche, I. El-Hamamsy, G. Giraldeau, G. Pelletier, M. Carrier

Topical tranexamic acid reduces transfusion rates in simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty: a retrospective case series
C. Kim, S.S. Park, H.S. Dhotar, A.V. Perruccio, M.G. Zywiel, J.R. Davey

Intraoperative ultrasonography of the biliary tract using saline as a contrast agent: a fast and accurate technique to identify complex biliary anatomy
A. Chandra, V. Gupta, R. Rahul, M. Kumar, A. Maurya

First Canadian experience with donation after cardiac death simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplants
P.T. Anderson, S. Aquil, K. McLean, V.C. McAlister, A. Sener, P.P. Luke

Results and limitations of outpatient and overnight stay laminectomies for lumbar spinal stenosis
D. Yen, A. Albargi

The usefulness and costs of routine contrast studies after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for detecting staple line leaks
D. Terterov, P.H.-Y. Leung, L.K. Twells, D.M. Gregory, C. Smith, D. Boone, D. Pace

Improving spine surgical access, appropriateness and efficiency in metropolitan, urban and rural settings
M. Zarrabian, A. Bidos, C. Fanti, B. Young, B. Drew, D. Puskas, R. Rampersaud

Regional consolidation of orthopedic surgery: impacts on hip fracture surgery access and outcomes
S.A. Kreindler, L. Siragusa, E. Bohm, W. Rudnick, C.J. Metge

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurghie

Toward late career transitioning: a proposal for academic surgeons
R. Richards, R. McLeod, D. Latter, S. Keshavjee, O. Rotstein, M.G. Fehlings, N. Ahmed, A. Nathens, J. Rutka

Online letters • Lettres en ligne

Outcome variation among Canadian trauma centres: toward a clinical prediction rule for standardizing approaches to clinical assessment of hemorrhage
A. Tran, M. Matar, J. Lampron, E. Steyerberg, C. Vaillancourt, M. Taljaard

Major lower-extremity amputations in diabetes: a response to “A Canadian population-based description of the indications for lower-extremity amputations and outcomes”
I. Ascencio-Montiel

Major lower-extremity amputations in diabetes: a response to “A Canadian population-based description of the indications for lower-extremity amputations and outcomes”: Author response
A. Kayssi

My Latin teacher: response to the editorial “Datum isn’t, data are”
D.F. Pitt

A useful set of guidelines: a response to “Toward late career transitionning: a proposal for academic surgeons”
M. Carrier

A useful set of guidelines: a response to “Toward late career transitionning: a proposal for academic surgeons”: Author response
J. Rutka

Surgical research and innovation desperately needs support: a reponse to “Toward a new school of surgical research”
M. Carrier

August 2017 • Août 2017

Can J Surg 2017;60(4)

Editorial • Éditorial

Toward a “New School” of surgical research
V. McAlister

Vers un « mouvement de l’éducation nouvelle » de recherche en chirurgie
V. McAlister

Commentary • Commentaire

Bariatric surgery tourism hidden costs? How Canada is not doing its part in covering bariatric surgery under the Canada Health Act
M. Gagner

History of surgery: First World War
Histoire de la chirurgie : Première Guerre Mondiale

A uniquely Canadian military moment: Sam Hughes and the No. 7 General Hospital, 1915–1916
H.G. Coombs

Research • Recherche

The Orthopedic Trauma Symposium: improving care of orthopedic injuries in Haiti
R. Normore, H. Greene, A. DeLong, A. Furey

Long-term use of left ventricular assist devices: a report on clinical outcomes
S. Raju, J. MacIver, F. Foroutan, C. Alba, F. Billia, V. Rao

Attitudes and factors contributing to attrition in Canadian surgical specialty residency programs
S. Adams, D.N. Ginther, E. Neuls, P. Hayes

Left ventricular assist device exchange: the Toronto General Hospital experience
H. Tsubota, R.V.P. Ribeiro, F. Billia, R.J. Cusimano, T.M. Yau, M.V. Badiwala, W.E. Stansfield, V. Rao

Robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for lung resection: the first Canadian series
C. Fahim, W. Hanna, T. Waddell, Y. Shargall, K. Yasufuku

Evaluation of an advanced-practice physiotherapist in triaging patients with lumbar spine pain: surgeon–physiotherapist level of agreement and patient satisfaction
S. Robarts, P. Stratford, D. Kennedy, B. Malcolm, J. Finkelstein

Radiostereometric analysis of keeled versus pegged glenoid components in total shoulder arthroplasty: a randomized feasibility study
T.C. Gascoyne, S.M.B. McRae, S.L. Parashin, J.R.S. Leiter, M.J. Petrak, E.R. Bohm, P.B. MacDonald

Discussions in surgery • Discussions en chirurghie

Users’ guide to the surgical literature: how to assess an article using surrogate end points
L. Gallo, C. Eskicioglu, L.H. Braga, F. Farrokhyar, A. Thoma

Online letters • Lettres en ligne

In memoriam of Dr. David White, PhD, FRCPath (1946–2017)
W.J. Wall